CBN vs. CBD: What's the Real Difference?

2021-01-06

Cannabis alfabetet soppa kan vara svårt att följa. Mellan de många akronymer som står för olika cannabinoider som finns i cannabis- och hampväxter kan det vara svårt att hålla varje förening rak. Det kan vara särskilt sant när cannabinoider delar två bokstäver, som CBD och CBN. Trots liknande nomenklatur har dessa två cannabinoider signifikanta skillnader. Den här guiden presenterar var och en av cannabinoiderna och hur de fungerar, samt undersöker hur de liknar och hur de skiljer sig åt.

What is CBN?

Cannabinol (CBN), like CBD, is a non-intoxicating compound found in cannabis and hemp plants. Unlike CBD, which is its own cannabinoid, CBN is the by-product of degrading Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). When THC ages, it decays into CBN. That means there are usually higher levels of CBN in older cannabis flower. However, CBN has differing properties from THC and other cannabinoids and is actively being studied by researchers around the world.

Vad är CBD?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of many phytocannabinoids — or cannabinoids that come from plants — found in hemp plants. It’s arguably one of the most well-known cannabinoids, found in products from capsules to bath bombs. It naturally boosts our supply of endocannabinoids, or cannabinoids produced by our bodies.* Unlike THC, CBD won’t get you high. In fact, broad-spectrum hemp extract is formulated to contain no THC at all. (This is the type of CBD that we use.)

Vetenskapen om CBN och CBD

CBN and CBD are both found primarily within the cannabis plant’s trichomes, the structures that line the buds of hemp flowers and on some of the surrounding small leaves. Over time, the trichomes fill with cannabinoid filled resin, changing from a clear appearance to a cloudy appearance when THC content is at its peak. As these trichomes degrade and THC turns to CBN, the trichomes turn a rusty amber color. For many cultivators, this means that the plant is past its prime. However, because CBN offers potential benefits of its own, the cannabinoid is becoming more desirable throughout the cannabis industry.

In nature, cannabinoids are thought to safeguard the hemp plants from disease, ward off predators, and encourage pollinators to help the plant reproduce. Incidentally, cannabinoids also interact with the endogenous cannabinoid system, a series of receptors found in people and some animals. Today, we are learning more about cannabinoid interactions with the human body and how these unique compounds support our overall wellness.

What is the entourage effect?

Forskare tror att cannabinoider och andra föreningar som finns i cannabisplantor interagerar med varandra i en process som kallas entourage-effekten. Denna teori antyder att cannabinoider faktiskt kan förstärka eller modifiera varandras egenskaper när de finns tillsammans. Till exempel tror forskare att kombinationen av CBN och THC kan orsaka sömnighet, medan förekomsten av höga nivåer av CBD kan mildra de berusande effekterna av THC.

Which cannabinoids are in our products?

At Prima, our products contain a variety of minor cannabinoides  alongside CBD. That's because we use broad spectrum hemp extract, which contains a fuller spectrum of cannabinoids except for THC than a CBD isolate, along with other compounds like terpenes, flavonoids, and acids. Which minor cannabinoids are present will vary from lot to lot as each plant that is harvested and extracted will have a different expression of cannabinoids.

The hemp extract in your favorite Prima product begins its journey on family farms in Oregon. These farms hold the earth in high esteem: the farmers use zero-waste cultivation techniques and won’t use single-use plastics during the cultivation process. Moreover, there are no synthetic fertilizers or pesticides used on the soil in which the hemp grows. That means no pesticides, herbicides, and no irradiation are used.

When it comes time to create our hemp extract, we only use CO2 supercritical fractionation. This slow and targeted method lets us take out all the compounds we don’t want in our products, such as THC, waxes, chlorophyll, and pollutants, leaving only the “good stuff” behind. This process also requires less processing and heating, since the CO2 naturally separates from the hemp extract at room temperature. Our resulting broad-spectrum hemp extract is free of hydrocarbons, toxins, and heavy metals.

 

Den här artikeln härrör från tidningen för PRIMA.